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Varnish Broadcaster

Usage

Installing the Varnish-Broadcaster

In order to install Varnish-Broadcaster on either Debian/Ubuntu or Redhat Enterprise, access to Varnish Plus is required. Please get in touch via support@varnish-software.com for more information on Varnish Plus.

Debian / Ubuntu install

If you are installing on Debian or Ubuntu, use the prebuilt packages:

Add the Varnish Plus repository for Varnish-Broadcaster

Update and install:

$ apt-get update
$ apt-get install varnish-broadcaster

Redhat Enterprise Linux install

Currently only RPMs for RHEL6 and RHEL7 and compatible derivatives are available.

Add the Varnish-Broadcaster yum repository as per Varnish Plus instruction.

Install:

$ yum update
$ yum install varnish-broadcaster

Start the broadcaster service

The broadcaster will start with its default configuration file pointing to /etc/varnish/nodes.conf and the log level set to INFO.

$ systemctl start broadcaster

If succesfully started, the broadcaster will expose two ports:

  • 8088: Port used for receiving invalidation requests.
  • 8089: Port used for internal management requests.

See below section for other available options.

Configuration

Start the broadcaster with any of the below options. All of them have been preconfigured with default values, except the cfg option which points to the file containing the nodes to broadcast against.

The broadcaster does not have a specific requirement of running in its own VM, however, if running on the same node with Varnish and Hitch it is worth taking into account the broadcaster’s https configuration in order to avoid port collision with Hitch.

Option About Default Required
port The port under which the broadcaster is exposed. 8088
mgmt-port Listening port for the broadcaster’s management. 8089
cfg Path to a file containing configured nodes. X
a Enable async mode. If true, any incoming request will return imediatelly with a X-Job-Id header. false
ttl The ttl of a finished invalidation request. When done, every invalidation request is kept in memory for the specified amount of time. This due to status purposes only. 10 minutes
log Set log level. Available options: debug, info, warning, error, quiet. info
https-port Broadcaster https listening port. 8443
crt CRT file used for HTTPS support. For HTTPS
key KEY file used for HTTPS support. For HTTPS
V Show current version and exit.
host Set the broadcaster’s running host. 0.0.0.0
keep-alive Connection keep-alive duration. 1 minute
keep-alive-disabled A flag which tells whether keep-alive should be disabled. false
pid Path to a file where the broadcaster writes its pid. /run/varnish-broadcaster/broadcaster.pid
proxy-host Proxy host for the user interface
proxy-port Proxy port for the user interface.
proxy-proto Proxy proto fpr the user interface.
timeout Connection timeout between the broadcaster and the configured nodes. 10 seconds
tls-verify TLS verification mode towards nodes (AUTO, CLIENT, SERVER, NONE). AUTO
confwatch Duration between checking for caches configuration file changes. The default is 0s and no check is performed. 0s

TLS Verification

The broadcaster handles TLS certificate verification towards nodes in four different ways described below.

  • AUTO - The default way. If the node in the configuration file is a hostname it will use the hostname for server name verification. If it’s an IP, it will use the host header from the incoming request. It will not use local server IP/host in the validation.
  • CLIENT - Always use the Host header in the incoming request for server name verification.
  • SERVER - Always use the host/IP in the configuration file.
  • NONE - Do not perform any TLS server name verification. This trusts ALL TLS certificates (Note that this is insecure and not recommended in production).

Logging

All logs from the broadcaster will be written to stdout. Using systemd, these logs can be seen using journald.

HTTPS support

By default, the broadcaster starts listening on the port, however - if both crt and key options are set, it will automatically switch onto https and listen to the https-port (default: 8443).

Optional headers

  • X-Broadcast-Group: Name of the cluster(s) to broadcast against, if not used - the broadcast will be done against all caches. Multiple group names are white-space separated.
  • X-Broadcast-Random: This header with the value * will tell the broadcaster to only broadcast to one node in each configured group. It will randomly select one. If the selected node is failing, the next one is tried and so forth, until a response from a node. The X-Broadcast-Group have precedence over X-Broadcast-Random. Hence, X-Broadcast-Group: * will override X-Broadcast-Random: *. Multiple groups are white-space separated. Mixing group names and * will use the group names and reject the *.
  • X-Broadcast-InOrder: By default, all relevant nodes are contacted in parallel. If this option is set to true, broadcaster will treat each relevant cluster one after the other. This is useful for purging multi-layer setup from upstream to downstream.The order is defined by the X-Broadcast-Group, or if it’s empty or *, by the nodes.conf file. Group names are white-space separated.
  • X-Broadcast-Skip: Blacklisted caches as a whitespace separated list. They will be skipped when processing a group.

See the examples section for usage examples.

Broadcaster User Agent Header

From release 1.2.4 all requests towards backends will include the header X-Broadcaster-Ua which includes the version of the broadcaster itself. The value for this header is in the form X-Broadcaster-Ua: Broadcaster/<version> (eg. X-Broadcaster-Ua: Broadcaster/1.2.4).

Header Normalization

The broadcaster converts all request headers to canonical format. The canonicalization converts the first letter and any letter following a hyphen to upper case, the rest are converted to lowercase. The HTTP standard requires all servers to treat the header names in a case insensitive fashion, so the normalization is only problematic if your server does not respect the standard. This means that the header accept-encoding: text will be converted to Accept-Encoding: text.

Configuration file

The Broadcaster requires a file which contains the nodes to broadcast against. The format of the file is similar to the ini format.

Below you have a couple of snippets from a valid configuration file.

This configuration has two clusters (Europe/US) each with its own nodes:

# this is a comment
[Europe]
First = 1.2.3.4:9090
Second = 9.9.9.9:6081
Third = example.com

[US]
Alpha = http://[1::2]
Beta = 8.8.8.8

The following configuration has all the nodes available in the local cluster.

alpha = 1.2.3.4
bravo = [1:2::3]:45
charlie = https://5.6.7.8:90
delta = http://[1::2]

Note that a combination of the two configurations is not allowed. The following configuration is invalid:

alpha = 1.2.3.4
bravo = [1:2::3]:45
[US]
charlie = https://5.6.7.8:90
delta = http://[1::2]

Configuration reload

If the broadcaster receives a SIGHUP notification, it will trigger a configuration reload from disk. The broadcaster can be started with -confwatch <duration> flag to specify how often the Brocaster should look for configuration file changes. When configured and a change has occurred, it will be reloaded automatically. confwatch is off (0s) by default.