Varnish Enterprise

Purge (purge/softpurge)


The purge vmod contains functions that offer a finer-grained control than the purge transition in sub vcl_recv. The functions can only be called from sub vcl_hit or sub vcl_miss and they should in general be used in both to ensure that all variants of a same object are taken care of.


vmod_softpurge is older and offers similar functionality to the newer vmod_purge. It is recommended to upgrade to vmod_purge if possible, as its API is more complete.


VOID softpurge()

The only function of the vmod performs a soft purge, setting the TTL of the object to 0. It must be called both from sub vcl_hit and sub vcl_miss to make sure all variants of the chosen object are reset.


softpurge.softpurge() is functionally equivalent to purge.soft(), making the migration easy:

  1. Import purge instead of softpurge;
  2. Replace softpurge.softpurge() calls with purge.soft().


# make sure to block unauthorized IP addresses trying to purge
sub vcl_recv {
  if (req.method == "PURGE") {
    if (client.ip !~ purge_acl) {
      return (synth(405));
    } else {
      return (hash);

# subroutine to kill the object (called from vcl_hit and vcl_miss)
# here, ttl and grace are zero'ed, but keep is set to one day so that the object
# must be revalidated before being sent to the client
sub my_purge {
  set req.http.purged = purge.soft(ttl = 0s, grace = 0s, keep = 1d);
  return (synth(200));

sub vcl_hit {
  if (req.method == "PURGE") {
    call my_purge;

sub vcl_miss {
  if (req.method == "PURGE") {
    call my_purge;

# we are sent here from my_purge, and we can now copy the purged header
# containing the number of purged objects to the response
sub vcl_synth {
  if (req.method == "PURGE") {
    set resp.http.purged = req.http.purged;
    return (deliver);



INT hard()

This is equivalent to return(purge) but explicitly called from

sub vcl_hit and sub vcl_miss. It returns the number of purged objects.

set req.http.purged = purge.hard();

Arguments: None

Type: Function

Returns: Int


INT soft(DURATION ttl = 0, DURATION grace = -1, DURATION keep = -1)

Sets the TTL, grace and keep. By default, TTL is set to 0 with grace and keep periods left untouched. Setting a negative value for grace or keep periods leaves them untouched. Setting all three parameters to 0 is equivalent to a hard purge. It can only be called from sub vcl_hit or sub vcl_miss. It returns the number of soft-purged objects.


  • ttl accepts type DURATION with a default value of 0 optional

  • grace accepts type DURATION with a default value of empty. optional

  • keep accepts type DURATION with a default value of empty. optional

Type: Function

Returns: Int


The purge VMOD is available in Varnish Enterprise version 6.0.0r0 and later.